Sezione di

Fisiologia Umana

Laboratorio di fisio-meccanica del movimento e della locomozione

Componenti: prof. A.E. Minetti, dott. G. Pavei, prof. G.A. Cavagna, dott. M.A. Legramandi

Pubblicazioni dal 2010


COVID-19 lockdown: Physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep in Italian medicine students.

Luciano F, Cenacchi V, Vegro V, Pavei G.

Eur J Sport Sci. 2020 Dec 6:1-10. doi: 10.1080/17461391.2020.1842910. Online ahead of print.

PMID: 33108970


Frictional internal work of damped limbs oscillation in human locomotion.

Minetti AE, Moorhead AP, Pavei G.

Proc Biol Sci. 2020 Jul 29;287(1931):20201410. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2020.1410. Epub 2020 Jul 29.

PMID: 33043862 Free PMC article.


The phase shift between potential and kinetic energy in human walking.

Cavagna GA, Legramandi MA.

J Exp Biol. 2020 Nov 12;223(Pt 21):jeb232645. doi: 10.1242/jeb.232645.

PMID: 33037111


Biomechanical and metabolic aspects of backward (and forward) running on uphill gradients: another clue towards an almost inelastic rebound.

Rasica L, Porcelli S, Minetti AE, Pavei G.

Eur J Appl Physiol. 2020 Nov;120(11):2507-2515. doi: 10.1007/s00421-020-04474-7. Epub 2020 Aug 25.

PMID: 32840696 Free PMC article.


A slow O2 on-response allows comfortable adoption of aerobically unaffordable walking and running speeds on short stair ascents.

Minetti AE, Rapuzzi F, Alberton CL, Pavei G.

J Exp Biol. 2020 Oct 6;223(Pt 19):jeb218982. doi: 10.1242/jeb.218982.

PMID: 32796041


Body center of mass trajectory and mechanical energy using inertial sensors: a feasible stride?

Pavei G, Salis F, Cereatti A, Bergamini E.

Gait Posture. 2020 Jul;80:199-205. doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2020.04.012. Epub 2020 Apr 19.

PMID: 32526617


Mechanical determinants of the energy cost of running at the half-marathon pace.

Monte A, Nardello F, Pavei G, Moro S, Festa L, Tarperi C, Schena F, Zamparo P.

J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2020 Feb;60(2):198-205. doi: 10.23736/S0022-4707.19.09999-7. Epub 2020 Jan 20.

PMID: 31957999


Prof. Neill Alexander's influence on modeling and optimization theory of movement and locomotion.

Minetti AE.

J Exp Zool A Ecol Integr Physiol. 2020 Jan;333(1):5-8. doi: 10.1002/jez.2334. Epub 2019 Dec 3.

PMID: 31793742 No abstract available.


Comprehensive mechanical power analysis in sprint running acceleration.

Pavei G, Zamparo P, Fujii N, Otsu T, Numazu N, Minetti AE, Monte A.

Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2019 Dec;29(12):1892-1900. doi: 10.1111/sms.13520. Epub 2019 Aug 18.

PMID: 31340080


Mechanical work in shuttle running as a function of speed and distance: Implications for power and efficiency.

Zamparo P, Pavei G, Monte A, Nardello F, Otsu T, Numazu N, Fujii N, Minetti AE.

Hum Mov Sci. 2019 Jun 13;66:487-496. doi: 10.1016/j.humov.2019.06.005. Online ahead of print.

PMID: 31203018


Energy cost of ambulation in trans-tibial amputees using a dynamic-response foot with hydraulic versus rigid 'ankle': insights from body centre of mass dynamics.

Askew GN, McFarlane LA, Minetti AE, Buckley JG.

J Neuroeng Rehabil. 2019 Mar 14;16(1):39. doi: 10.1186/s12984-019-0508-x.

PMID: 30871573 Free PMC article.


Commentaries on Viewpoint: Use aerobic energy expenditure instead of oxygen uptake to quantify exercise intensity and predict endurance performance.

Barnes KR, Kilding AE, Blagrove RC, Howatson G, Hayes PR, Boone J, Bourgois J, Fletcher JR, MacIntosh BR, González-Mohíno F, Yustres I, Santos-García DJ, González-Ravé JM, Hopker JG, Coleman DA, Kerhervé HA, Solomon C, Malatesta D, Lanzi S, Fernandez-Menendez A, Borrani F, Sandford GN, Maunder E, McNulty CR, Robergs RA, Pavei G, de Oliveira Barreto T, de Lima Conceição MR, Souza DS, Tenan MS, Macfarlane D, Hackney AC, Adamic EM, Shei RJ, Freemas JA, Barenie M, Barton J, Yeager Z, Nowak M, Paris HL, Mickleborough TD.

J Appl Physiol (1985). 2018 Aug 1;125(2):676-682. doi: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00638.2018.

PMID: 30138048 No abstract available.


Update and extension of the 'equivalent slope' of speed-changing level locomotion in humans: a computational model for shuttle running.

Minetti AE, Pavei G.

J Exp Biol. 2018 Aug 1;221(Pt 15):jeb182303. doi: 10.1242/jeb.182303.

PMID: 29895678


Different Training Modalities Improve Energy Cost and Performance in Master Runners.

Pugliese L, Porcelli S, Vezzoli A, La Torre A, Serpiello FR, Pavei G, Marzorati M.

Front Physiol. 2018 Jan 24;9:21. doi: 10.3389/fphys.2018.00021. eCollection 2018.

PMID: 29416513 Free PMC article.


A "Wearable" Test for Maximum Aerobic Power: Real-Time Analysis of a 60-m Sprint Performance and Heart Rate Off-Kinetics.

Storniolo JL, Pavei G, Minetti AE.

Front Physiol. 2017 Nov 1;8:868. doi: 10.3389/fphys.2017.00868. eCollection 2017.

PMID: 29163210 Free PMC article.


Physiological and Perceptual Responses to Nordic Walking in a Natural Mountain Environment.

Grainer A, Zerbini L, Reggiani C, Marcolin G, Steele J, Pavei G, Paoli A.

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2017 Oct 17;14(10):1235. doi: 10.3390/ijerph14101235.

PMID: 29039775 Free PMC article.


Comment on: "How Biomechanical Improvements in Running Economy Could Break the 2-Hour Marathon Barrier".

B Candau R, Sanchez AMJ, Borrani F, Minetti AE.

Sports Med. 2017 Nov;47(11):2403-2404. doi: 10.1007/s40279-017-0761-8.

PMID: 28741185 No abstract available.


On the Estimation Accuracy of the 3D Body Center of Mass Trajectory during Human Locomotion: Inverse vs. Forward Dynamics.

Pavei G, Seminati E, Cazzola D, Minetti AE.

Front Physiol. 2017 Mar 8;8:129. doi: 10.3389/fphys.2017.00129. eCollection 2017.

PMID: 28337148 Free PMC article.


A pilot study of brisk walking in sedentary combination antiretroviral treatement (cART)- treated patients: benefit on soluble and cell inflammatory markers.

Bonato M, Galli L, Passeri L, Longo V, Pavei G, Bossolasco S, Bertocchi C, Cernuschi M, Balconi G, Merati G, Lazzarin A, La Torre A, Cinque P.

BMC Infect Dis. 2017 Jan 11;17(1):61. doi: 10.1186/s12879-016-2095-9.

PMID: 28077069 Free PMC article.


Mechanical energy patterns in nordic walking: comparisons with conventional walking.

Pellegrini B, Peyré-Tartaruga LA, Zoppirolli C, Bortolan L, Savoldelli A, Minetti AE, Schena F.

Gait Posture. 2017 Jan;51:234-238. doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2016.10.010. Epub 2016 Nov 3.

PMID: 27825073


Estimates of Running Ground Reaction Force Parameters from Motion Analysis.

Pavei G, Seminati E, Storniolo JL, Peyré-Tartaruga LA.

J Appl Biomech. 2017 Feb;33(1):69-75. doi: 10.1123/jab.2015-0329. Epub 2016 Oct 5.

PMID: 27705058


Effects of a Short-Term High-Nitrate Diet on Exercise Performance.

Porcelli S, Pugliese L, Rejc E, Pavei G, Bonato M, Montorsi M, La Torre A, Rasica L, Marzorati M.

Nutrients. 2016 Aug 31;8(9):534. doi: 10.3390/nu8090534.

PMID: 27589795 Free PMC article. Clinical Trial.


Mechanical work and efficiency of 5+5m shuttle running.

Zamparo P, Pavei G, Nardello F, Bartolini D, Monte A, Minetti AE.

Eur J Appl Physiol. 2016 Oct;116(10):1911-9. doi: 10.1007/s00421-016-3443-6. Epub 2016 Jul 29.

PMID: 27473448


Recumbent vs. upright bicycles: 3D trajectory of body centre of mass, limb mechanical work, and operative range of propulsive muscles.

Telli R, Seminati E, Pavei G, Minetti AE.

J Sports Sci. 2017 Mar;35(5):491-499. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2016.1175650. Epub 2016 Apr 22.

PMID: 27103353


Can coordination variability identify performance factors and skill level in competitive sport? The case of race walking.

Cazzola D, Pavei G, Preatoni E.

J Sport Health Sci. 2016 Mar;5(1):35-43. doi: 10.1016/j.jshs.2015.11.005. Epub 2016 Jan 13.

PMID: 30356959 Free PMC article.


Hopping locomotion at different gravity: metabolism and mechanics in humans.

Pavei G, Minetti AE.

J Appl Physiol (1985). 2016 May 15;120(10):1223-9. doi: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00839.2015. Epub 2015 Dec 3.

PMID: 26635350


Commentaries on Viewpoint: Can elite athletes benefit from dietary nitrate supplementation?

Hultström M, Amorim de Paula C, Antônio Peliky Fontes M, Porcelli S, Bellistri G, Pugliese L, Rasica L, Marzorati M, Pavei G, Ferguson SK, Holdsworth CT, Musch TI, Poole DC, Bourdillon N, Hoon MW, Burke LM, Michielli DW, Faiss R, Millet GP, Corona BT, Green MS, da Silveira AL, Sindler AL, Casey DP, Johnson BD, Wheatley CM, Carlson-Phillips A, Kunces LJ, Bescos R, Johnson LC, Martens CR, Justice JN, Ballak SB, Ballak DB, Wanner SP, Coimbra CC, Rehman S.

J Appl Physiol (1985). 2015 Sep 15;119(6):762-9. doi: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00640.2015.

PMID: 26374877 No abstract available.


Pedaling rate is an important determinant of human oxygen uptake during exercise on the cycle ergometer.

Formenti F, Minetti AE, Borrani F.

Physiol Rep. 2015 Sep;3(9):e12500. doi: 10.14814/phy2.12500.

PMID: 26371230 Free PMC article.


Running, hopping and trotting: tuning step frequency to the resonant frequency of the bouncing system favors larger animals.

Cavagna GA, Legramandi MA.

J Exp Biol. 2015 Oct;218(Pt 20):3276-83. doi: 10.1242/jeb.127142. Epub 2015 Sep 7.

PMID: 26347555


Breaststroke swimmers moderate internal work increases toward the highest stroke frequencies.

Lauer J, Olstad BH, Minetti AE, Kjendlie PL, Rouard AH.

J Biomech. 2015 Sep 18;48(12):3012-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2015.07.033. Epub 2015 Aug 7.

PMID: 26277699


Shoulder 3D range of motion and humerus rotation in two volleyball spike techniques: injury prevention and performance.

Seminati E, Marzari A, Vacondio O, Minetti AE.

Sports Biomech. 2015 Jun;14(2):216-31. doi: 10.1080/14763141.2015.1052747. Epub 2015 Jul 7.

PMID: 26151344


Skipping vs. running as the bipedal gait of choice in hypogravity.

Pavei G, Biancardi CM, Minetti AE.

J Appl Physiol (1985). 2015 Jul 1;119(1):93-100. doi: 10.1152/japplphysiol.01021.2014. Epub 2015 Apr 30.

PMID: 25930029


Training effects on ROS production determined by electron paramagnetic resonance in master swimmers.

Mrakic-Sposta S, Gussoni M, Porcelli S, Pugliese L, Pavei G, Bellistri G, Montorsi M, Tacchini P, Vezzoli A.

Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2015;2015:804794. doi: 10.1155/2015/804794. Epub 2015 Mar 22.

PMID: 25874024 Free PMC article.


Effects of manipulating volume and intensity training in masters swimmers.

Pugliese L, Porcelli S, Bonato M, Pavei G, La Torre A, Maggioni MA, Bellistri G, Marzorati M.

Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2015 Oct;10(7):907-12. doi: 10.1123/ijspp.2014-0171. Epub 2015 Feb 24.

PMID: 25710182


Aerobic Fitness Affects the Exercise Performance Responses to Nitrate Supplementation.

Porcelli S, Ramaglia M, Bellistri G, Pavei G, Pugliese L, Montorsi M, Rasica L, Marzorati M.

Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2015 Aug;47(8):1643-51. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000000577.

PMID: 25412295


The biomechanics of race walking: literature overview and new insights.

Pavei G, Cazzola D, La Torre A, Minetti AE.

Eur J Sport Sci. 2014;14(7):661-70. doi: 10.1080/17461391.2013.878755. Epub 2014 Jan 17.

PMID: 24438531 Review.


The vertical excursion of the body visceral mass during vertical jumps is affected by specific respiratory maneuver.

Cazzola D, Alberti G, Ongaro L, Minetti AE.

Hum Mov Sci. 2014 Feb;33:369-80. doi: 10.1016/j.humov.2013.10.008. Epub 2013 Dec 4.

PMID: 24315615


Overuse in volleyball training/practice: A review on shoulder and spine-related injuries.

Seminati E, Minetti AE.

Eur J Sport Sci. 2013;13(6):732-43. doi: 10.1080/17461391.2013.773090. Epub 2013 Mar 5.

PMID: 24251752 Review.


Anatomically asymmetrical runners move more asymmetrically at the same metabolic cost.

Seminati E, Nardello F, Zamparo P, Ardigò LP, Faccioli N, Minetti AE.

PLoS One. 2013 Sep 24;8(9):e74134. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0074134. eCollection 2013.

PMID: 24086316 Free PMC article.


Comments on point:counterpoint: skeletal muscle mechanical efficiency does/does not increase with age.

Layec G, Trinity JD, Hart CR, Hopker J, Passfield L, Coen PM, Conley KE, Hunter GR, Fisher G, Ferguson RA, Sasaki K, Malatesta D, Maffiuletti NA, Borrani F, Minetti AE, Rice CL, Dalton BH, McNeil CJ, Power GA, Manini TM.

J Appl Physiol (1985). 2013 Apr;114(8):1114-8. doi: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00185.2013.

PMID: 23588541 Free PMC article. No abstract available.


Running humans attain optimal elastic bounce in their teens.

Legramandi MA, Schepens B, Cavagna GA.

Sci Rep. 2013;3:1310. doi: 10.1038/srep01310.

PMID: 23419705 Free PMC article.


Validation of a subject specific 3-actuator torque-driven model in human vertical jumping.

Cimadoro G, Yeadon MR, Van Hoecke J, Alberti G, Babault N, Minetti AE.

Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2012;2012:4883-6. doi: 10.1109/EMBC.2012.6347088.

PMID: 23367022


The cost of transport of human running is not affected, as in walking, by wide acceleration/deceleration cycles.

Minetti AE, Gaudino P, Seminati E, Cazzola D.

J Appl Physiol (1985). 2013 Feb 15;114(4):498-503. doi: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00959.2012. Epub 2012 Dec 6.

PMID: 23221963


Biomechanical determinants of transverse and rotary gallop in cursorial mammals.

Biancardi CM, Minetti AE.

J Exp Biol. 2012 Dec 1;215(Pt 23):4144-56. doi: 10.1242/jeb.073031. Epub 2012 Aug 29.

PMID: 22933611


Biomechanics and predicted energetics of sprinting on sand: hints for soccer training.

Gaudino P, Gaudino C, Alberti G, Minetti AE.

J Sci Med Sport. 2013 May;16(3):271-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jsams.2012.07.003. Epub 2012 Aug 9.

PMID: 22883597


Humans running in place on water at simulated reduced gravity.

Minetti AE, Ivanenko YP, Cappellini G, Dominici N, Lacquaniti F.

PLoS One. 2012;7(7):e37300. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0037300. Epub 2012 Jul 18.

PMID: 22815681 Free PMC article.


An analysis of the rebound of the body in backward human running.

Cavagna GA, Legramandi MA, La Torre A.

J Exp Biol. 2012 Jan 1;215(Pt 1):75-84. doi: 10.1242/jeb.057562.

PMID: 22162855


Biomechanics of octopedal locomotion: kinematic and kinetic analysis of the spider Grammostola mollicoma.

Biancardi CM, Fabrica CG, Polero P, Loss JF, Minetti AE.

J Exp Biol. 2011 Oct 15;214(Pt 20):3433-42. doi: 10.1242/jeb.057471.

PMID: 21957107


Limitations imposed by wearing armour on Medieval soldiers' locomotor performance.

Askew GN, Formenti F, Minetti AE.

Proc Biol Sci. 2012 Feb 22;279(1729):640-4. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2011.0816. Epub 2011 Jul 20.

PMID: 21775328 Free PMC article.


The mathematical description of the body centre of mass 3D path in human and animal locomotion.

Minetti AE, Cisotti C, Mian OS.

J Biomech. 2011 May 17;44(8):1471-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2011.03.014. Epub 2011 Apr 3.

PMID: 21463861


Measured and predicted mechanical internal work in human locomotion.

Nardello F, Ardigò LP, Minetti AE.

Hum Mov Sci. 2011 Feb;30(1):90-104. doi: 10.1016/j.humov.2010.05.012. Epub 2010 Nov 5.

PMID: 21056491


At high running speeds, power developed each step during the push appears to be sustained by elastic energy.

Cavagna GA.

J Appl Physiol (1985). 2010 Apr;108(4):1016; author reply 1019-20.

PMID: 20722083 No abstract available.


Running backwards: soft landing-hard takeoff, a less efficient rebound.

Cavagna GA, Legramandi MA, La Torre A.

Proc Biol Sci. 2011 Feb 7;278(1704):339-46. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2010.1212. Epub 2010 Aug 18.

PMID: 20719774 Free PMC article.


Bioenergetics and biomechanics of cycling: the role of 'internal work'.

Minetti AE.

Eur J Appl Physiol. 2011 Mar;111(3):323-9. doi: 10.1007/s00421-010-1434-6. Epub 2010 Mar 31.

PMID: 20354720 Review.


Biomechanics of locomotion in Asian elephants.

Genin JJ, Willems PA, Cavagna GA, Lair R, Heglund NC.

J Exp Biol. 2010 Mar 1;213(5):694-706. doi: 10.1242/jeb.035436.

PMID: 20154184


Skyscraper running: physiological and biomechanical profile of a novel sport activity.

Minetti AE, Cazzola D, Seminati E, Giacometti M, Roi GS.

Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2011 Apr;21(2):293-301. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2009.01043.x.

PMID: 20030780